Publications – Jean Beaulieu


Beaulieu, J., P. Lenz & J. Bousquet. 2022. Metadata analysis indicates biased estimation of genetic parameters and gains using pedigree information instead of genomic-based approaches in tree breeding. Scientific Reports 12, 3933 (10p.).

Benomar, L., J. Bousquet, M. Perron, J. Beaulieu & M. Lamara. 2022. Tree maladaptation under mid-latitude early spring warming and late cold spells: implications for assisted migration. Frontiers in Plant Science 13: 920852 (12p.).

Laverdière, J.-P., P. Lenz, S. Nadeau, C. Depardieu, N. Isabel, M. Perron, J. Beaulieu & J. Bousquet. 2022. Breeding for adaptation to climate change: genomic selection for drought response in a white spruce multi-site polycross test. Evolutionary Applications 15: 383-402. 

Rashidi-Jouybari, I., P. Lenz, J. Beaulieu, S. Nadeau, J. Bousquet & A. Achim. 2022. Multi-trait selection for improved solid wood physical and flexural properties in white spruce (Picea glauca). Forestry 75, doi:10.1093/forestry/cpac006 (12p.). In press.


Bousquet, J., S. Gérardi, G. de Lafontaine, J.P. Jaramillo-Correa, N. Pavy, J. Prunier, P. Lenz & J. Beaulieu. 2021. Spruce population genomics. In Population Genomics: Forest Trees. Ed. O.P. Rajora. Springer. 64p.


Beaulieu, J., S. Nadeau,  C. Ding, J. M. Celedon, A. Azaiez, C. Ritland, J‐P. Laverdière, M. Deslauriers, G. Adams, M. Fullarton, J. Bohlmann, P.R.N. Lenz  & J. Bousquet . 2020. Genomic selection for resistance to spruce budworm in white spruce and relationships with growth and wood quality traits. Evolutionary Applications (in press) (

Chamberland, V., F. Robichaud, M. Perron, N, Gélinas, J. Bousquet & J. Beaulieu. 2020. Conventional versus genomic selection for white spruce improvement: a comparison of costs and benefits of plantations on Québec public lands. Tree Genetics and Genomes 16: 17 (16p.).

Lenz, P.R.N., S. Nadeau, M.-J. Mottet, M. PerronN. IsabelJ. Beaulieu & J. Bousquet. 2020. Multi-trait genomic selection for weevil resistance, growth and wood quality traits in Norway spruce. Evolutionary Applications 13: 76-94.

Lenz, P.R.N., S. Nadeau, A. Azaïez, S. Gerardi, M. Deslauriers, M. PerronN. IsabelJ. Beaulieu & J. Bousquet. 2020. Genomic prediction for hastening and improving efficiency of forward selection in conifer polycross mating designs: an example from white spruce. Heredity 124: 562-578.


Azaiez, A., N. Pavy, S. Gérardi, J. Laroche, B. Boyle, F. Gagnon, M-J. Mottet, J. Beaulieu & J. Bousquet. 2018 A catalog of annotated high-confidence SNPs from exome capture and sequencing reveals highly polymorphic genes in Norway spruce (Picea abies). BMC Genomics 19: 942 (13p.).

Benomar, L., MS. Lamhamedi, S. Pepin, A. Rainville, M-C. Lambert, HA. Margolis, J. Bousquet & J. Beaulieu. 2018. Thermal acclimation of photosynthesis and respiration of southern and northern white spruce seed sources tested along a regional climatic gradient indicates limited potential to cope with temperature warming. Annals of Botany 121: 443-457.

Lamara, M., G.J. Parent, I. Giguère, J. Beaulieu, J. Bousquet & J.J. MacKay. 2018. Association genetics of acetophenone defence against spruce budworm in mature white spruce. BMC Plant Biology 18: 231 (15p.).

Otis Prud’homme, G., MS. Lamhamedi, L. Benomar, A. Rainville, J. DeBlois, J. Bousquet & J. Beaulieu. 2018. Ecophysiology and growth of white spruce seedlings from various seed sources along a climatic gradient support the need for assisted
migration. Frontiers in Plant Science 8: 2214 (17p.).


Lenz, P., J. Beaulieu, S. Clément, S. Mansfield, M. Desponts & J. Bousquet. 2017. Factors affecting the accuracy of genomic selection for growth and wood quality traits in an advanced-breeding population of black spruce (Picea mariana). BMC Genomics 18: 335 (17p.).


Villeneuve, I., M.S. Lamhamedi, L. Benomar, A. Rainville, J. Deblois, J. Beaulieu, J. Bousquet, M.-C. Lambert & H.A Margolis. 2016. Morpho-physiological variation of white spruce seedlings from various seed sources and implications for deployment under climate change. Frontiers in Plant Science 7: 1450 (15p.).

Park, Y.S., J. Beaulieu & J. Bousquet. 2016. Multi-varietal forestry integrating genomic selection and somatic embryogenesis. In Y.-S. Park, J. Bonga & H.K. Moon (eds). Vegetative Propagation of Forest Trees. National Institute of Forest Science, Seoul, South Korea. Pp. 302-322 (invited).

Benomar, L., M. S. Lamhamedi, A. Rainville, J. Beaulieu, J. Bousquet & H.A. Margolis. 2016. Genetic adaptation versus ecophysiological plasticity of photosynthetic-related traits in young Picea glauca trees along a regional climatic gradient. Frontiers in Plant Science 7: 48 (15p.).

Lamara, M., E. Raherison, P. Lenz, J. Beaulieu, J. Bousquet & J. MacKay. 2016. Genetic architecture of wood properties based on association analysis and co-expression networks in white spruce. New Phytologist 210: 240-255.

Pavy, N., F. Gagnon, A. Deschênes, B. Boyle, J. Beaulieu & J. Bousquet. 2016. Development of highly reliable in silico SNP resource and genotyping assay from exome capture and sequencing: an example from black spruce (Picea mariana). Molecular Ecology Resources 16: 588–598.

Warren, É., G. de Lafontaine, S. Gérardi, S. Senneville, J. Beaulieu, M. Perron, J.P. Jaramillo-Correa & J. Bousquet. 2016. Joint inferences from cytoplasmic DNA and fossil data provide evidence for glacial vicariance and contrasted postglacial dynamics in tamarack, a transcontinental conifer. Journal of Biogeography 43: 1227-1241.


Beaulieu, J. & J. Bousquet. 2015. Genomic selection – Potential and current limits of application in boreal conifer breeding programs. In Proc. 34th Meeting of the Canadian Forest Genetics Association, Univ. of New Brunswick, Fredericton, August 17-20. Part II. Ed. D. Simpson. Canadian Forest Service, Fredericton. 10p.

Benomar, L., M.S. Lamhamedi, I. Villeneuve, A. Rainville, J. Beaulieu, J. Bousquet &  H.A. Margolis. 2015. Fine-scale geographic variation in photosynthetic-related traits of Picea glauca seedlings indicates local adaptation to climate. Tree Physiology 35: 864-878.

Carles, S., D. Boyer-Groulx, M.S. Lamhamedi, A. Rainville, J. Beaulieu, P.Y. Bernier, J. Bousquet & H.A. Margolis. 2015. Family variation in the morphology and physiology of white spruce (Picea glauca) seedlings in response to elevated CO2 and temperature. Journal of Sustainable Forestry 34: 169-198.

Cinget, B., S. Gérardi, J. Beaulieu & J. Bousquet. 2015. Less pollen-mediated gene flow for more signatures of glacial lineages: congruent evidence from balsam fir cpDNA and mtDNA for multiple refugia in eastern and central North America. PLoS ONE 10(4): e0122815 (25p.).

Hornoy, B., N. Pavy, S. Gérardi, J. Beaulieu & J. Bousquet. 2015. Genetic adaptation to climate in white spruce involves small to moderate allele frequency shifts in functionally diverse genes. Genome Biology and Evolution 7: 3269–3285.

Jaramillo-Correa, J.P., S. Gérardi, J. Beaulieu, F.T. Ledig & J. Bousquet. 2015. Inferring and outlining past population declines with linked microsatellites: a case study in two spruce species. Tree Genetics & Genomes 11: 9 (12p.).

Lupi, C., G. Larocque, A. DesRochers, M. Labrecque, A. Mosseler, J. Major, J. Beaulieu, M.F. Tremblay, A.M. Gordon, B.R. Thomas, A. Vezina, H. Bouafif, D. Cormier, D. Sidders, R. Krygier, N. Thevathasan, M. Riopel & B. Ferland-Raymond.  2015. Evaluating sampling designs and deriving biomass equations for young plantations of poplar and willow clones. Biomass and Bioenergy, 83: 196-205.

Mamashita, T., G.R. Larocque, A. DesRochers, J. Beaulieu, B.R. Thomas, A. Mosseler, J. Major & D. Sidders. 2015. Short-term growth and morphological responses to nitrogen availability and plant density in hybrid poplars and willows. Biomass and Bioenergy, 81: 88-97.

Mvolo, C.S., A. Koubaa, J. Beaulieu, A. Cloutier & M.J. Mazerolle. 2015. Variation in wood quality in white spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss). Part I. Defining the juvenile-mature wood transition based on tracheid length. Forest 6: 183-202.


Beaulieu, J., T. Doerksen, S. Clément, J. Mackay & J. Bousquet. 2014. Accuracy of genomic selection models in a large population of open-pollinated families in white spruce. Heredity 113: 343-352.

Beaulieu, J., T.K. Doerksen, J. MacKay, A. Rainville & J. Bousquet. 2014. Genomic selection accuracies within and between environments and small breeding groups in white spruce. BMC Genomics 15: 1048.

Doerksen, T.K., J. Bousquet & J. Beaulieu. 2014. Inbreeding depression in intra-provenance crosses driven by founder relatedness in white spruce. Tree Genetics & Genomes 10: 203-212.

Lenz, P., M. Deslauriers, C.-H. Ung, J. MacKay & J. Beaulieu. 2014. What do ecological regions tell us about wood quality? A case study in eastern Canadian white spruce. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 44: 1383-1393.


Beaulieu, J., I. Giguère, M. Deslauriers, B. Boyle & J. MacKay. 2013. Differential gene expression patterns in white spruce newly formed tissue on board the International Space Station. Advances in Space Research 52: 760-772.

Larocque, G.R., A. Desrochers, M. Larchevêque, F. Tremblay, J. Beaulieu, A. Mosseler, J.E. Major, S. Gaussiran, B.R. Thomas, D. Sidders, P. Périnet, J. Kort, M. Labrecque, P. Savoie, S. Masse, O.T. Bouman, D. Kamelchuk, L. Benomar, T. Mamashita & P. Gagné. 2013. Research on hybrid poplars and willow species for fast-growing tree plantations: its importance for growth and yield, silviculture, policy-making and commercial applications. The Forestry Chronicle 89: 32-41.

Lenz, P., D. Auty, A. Achim, J. Beaulieu & J. Mackay. 2013. Genetic improvement of white spruce mechanical wood traits – early screening by means of acoustic velocity. Forests 4: 575-594.

Pavy, N., A. Deschênes, S. Blais, P. Lavigne, J. Beaulieu, N. Isabel, J. Mackay & J. Bousquet. 2013. The landscape of nucleotide polymorphism among13,500 genes of the conifer Picea glauca, relationships with functions and comparison with Medicago truncatula. Genome Biology and Evolution 5: 1910-1925.

Pavy, N., F. Gagnon, P. Rigault, S. Blais, A. Deschênes, B. Boyle, B. Pelgas, M. Deslauriers, S. Clément, P. Lavigne, M. Lamothe, J.E.K. Cooke, J.P. Jaramillo-Correa, J. Beaulieu, N. Isabel, J. Mackay & J. Bousquet. 2013. Development of high-density SNP genotyping arrays for white spruce (Picea glauca) and transferability to subtropical and nordic congeners. Molecular Ecology Resources 13: 324-336.

Prunier, J., B. Pelgas, F. Gagnon, M. Desponts, N. Isabel, J. Beaulieu & J. Bousquet. 2013. The genomic architecture and assocation genetics of adaptive characters using a candidate SNP approach in boreal black spruce. BMC Genomics 14: 368 (16p.).

Wahid, N., M.S. Lamhammedi, A. Rainville, J. Beaulieu & H.A. Margolis. 2013. Genetic control and nursery-plantation genotypic correlations for growth characteristics of white spruce somatic clones. Journal of Sustainable Forestry 32: 576-593.


Carles, S., M.S. Lamhamedi, J. Beaulieu, D.C. Stowe & H.A. Margolis. 2012. Genetic parameters of morphological and physiological characteristics of containerized white spruce (Picea glauca [Moench.] Voss) seedlings. Tree Genetics & Genomes 8: 39-51.

Lenz, P., M. Bernier-Cardou, J. MacKay & J. Beaulieu. 2012. Can wood properties be predicted from the morphological traits of a tree? A canonical correlation study of plantation-grown white spruce. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 42: 1518-1529.

Namroud, M.-C., J. Bousquet, T. Doerksen & J. Beaulieu. 2012. Scanning SNPs from a large set of expressed genes to assess the impact of artificial selection on the undomesticated genetic diversity of white spruce. Evolutionary Applications 5: 641-656.

Pedlar, J.H., D. McKenney, I. Aubin, T. Beardmore, J.Beaulieu, L. Iverson, G. O’Neill, R. Winder & C. Ste-Marie. 2012. Placing forestry in the assisted migration debate. BioScience 62: 835-842.

Prunier, J., S. Gérardi, J. Laroche, J. Beaulieu & J. Bousquet. 2012. Parallel and lineage-specific molecular adaptation to climate in boreal black spruce. Molecular Ecology 21: 4270-4286.

Wahid, N., M.S. Lamhammedi, J. Beaulieu, H.A. Margolis & J. Deblois. 2012. Genetic parameters and clonal variation in growth and nutritional traits of containerized white spruce somatic seedlings. Acta Botanica Gallica 159: 373-384.

Wahid, N., A. Rainville, M.S. Lamahamedi, H.A. Margolis, J. Beaulieu & J. Deblois. 2012. Genetic parameters and performance stability of white spruce somatic seedlings in clonal tests. Forest Ecology and Management 270: 45-53.


Atangana, A.R., E. van der Vils, D.P. Khasa, D. van Houten, J. Beaulieu & H. Hendrickx. 2011. Tree-to-tree variation in stearic and oleic acid content in seed fat from Allanblackia floribunda from wild stands: potential for tree breeding. Food Chemistry 126: 1579-1585.

Beaulieu, J., T. Doerksen, B. Boyle, S. Clément, M. Deslauriers, S. Beauseigle, S. Blais, P.-L. Poulin, P. Lenz, S. Caron, P. Rigault, P. Bicho, J. Bousquet & J. MacKay. 2011. Association genetics of wood physical traits in the conifer white spruce and relationships with gene expression. Genetics 188: 197-214.

Beaulieu, J., F. Raulier, G. Prégent & J. Bousquet. 2011. Predicting site index from climatic, edaphic and stand structural properties for seven plantation-grown conifer species in Québec. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 41: 682-693.

Carles, S., M.S. Lamhamedi, J. Beaulieu, D.C. Stowe & H.A. Margolis. 2011. Differences in growth and mineral nutrition of seedlings produced from white spruce seed orchards. New Forests 42: 195-214.

Doerksen, T., M. Deslauriers & J. Beaulieu. 2011. Ecological and biological information improves inferred paternity in a white spruce breeding orchard. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 41: 1344-1351.

Gravel-Grenier, J., M.S. Lamhamedi, J. Beaulieu, S. Carles, H.A. Margolis, M. Rioux, D.C. Stowe & L. Lapointe. 2011. Utilization of family genetic variability to improve the rooting ability of white spruce (Picea glauca) cuttings. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 41: 1308-1318.

Lemieux, M.J., J. Beaulieu & J. Bousquet. 2011. Chloroplast DNA polymorphisms in eastern hemlock: range-wide genogeographic analyses and implications for gene conservation. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 41: 1047-1059.

Lenz, P., J. MacKay, A. Rainville, A. Cloutier & J. Beaulieu. 2011. The influence of cambial age on breeding for wood properties in Picea glauca. Tree Genetics & Genomes 7: 641-653.

MacKay, J., B. Boyle, W. El Kayal, M.-C. Namroud, T. Doerksen, J. Cooke, N. Isabel, J. Beaulieu, P. Rigault, P. Bicho & J. Bousquet. 2011. Gene mapping in white spruce (P. glauca): QTL and association studies integrating population and expression data. BMC Proceedings 5 (Suppl. 7): I6 (2p.).

Mullin, T.J., B. Andersson, J.-C. Bastien, J. Beaulieu, R.D. Burdon, W.S. Dvorak, J.N. King, T. Kondo, J. Krakowski, S.J. Lee, S.E. McKeand, L.E. Pâques, A. Raffin, J.H. Russell, T. Skroppa, M. Stoehr & A. Yanchuk. 2011. Chapter 2: Economic importance, breeding objectives and achievements. In Genetics, Genomics and Breeding of Conifers (C. Plomion, J. Bousquet & C. Kole, Eds). Edenbridge Science Publishers & CRC Press, New York, pp. 40-127.

Pedlar, J.H., D.W. McKenney, J. Beaulieu, S.J. Colombo, J.S. McLachlan & G.A. O’Neill. 2011. The implementation of assisted migration in Canadian forests. The Forestry Chronicle 87: 766-777.

Prunier, J., J. Laroche, J. Beaulieu & J. Bousquet. 2011. Scanning the genome for gene SNPs related to climate adaptation and estimating selection at the molecular level in boreal black spruce. Molecular Ecology 20: 1702-1716.

Sáenz-Romero, C., J. Beaulieu & G.E. Rehfeldt. 2011. Altitudinal genetic variation among Pinus patula populations from Oxaca, México, in growth chambers simulating global warming temperatures. Agrociencia 45: 399-411.

Sáenz-Romero, C., L.F. Ruiz-Talonia, J. Beaulieu, N.M. Sánchez-Vargas & G.E. Rehfeldt. 2011. Genetic variation among Pinus patula populations along an altitudinal gradient. Two environment nursery tests. Revista Fitotecnia Mexicana 34: 19-25.

Wei, X.-X., J. Beaulieu, D.P. Khasa, J. Vargas-Hernandez, J. Lopez-Upton, B. Jaquish & J. Bousquet. 2011. Range-wide chloroplast and mitochondrial DNA imprints reveal multiple lineages and complex biogeographic history for Douglas-fir. Tree Genetics & Genomes 7: 1025-1040.


Anderson, C.M., G.J. Aparicio, A.R. Atangana, J. Beaulieu, …, D.P. Khasa, et al. 2010. Permanent Genetic Resources added to Molecular Ecology Resources Database 1 December 2009-31 January 2010. Molecular Ecology Ressource 10: 576-579.

Atangana, A.R., J. Beaulieu & D.P. Khasa. 2010. Wild genetic diversity preservation in a small-sized first generation breeding population of Allanblackia floribunda (Clusiaceae). Tree Genetics & Genomes 6: 127-136.

Beaulieu, J. & J. Bousquet. 2010. Facteurs génétiques affectant la variabilité des cernes annuels chez les espèces arborescentes nordiques. In La dendroécologie: principes, méthodes et applications (S. Payette & L. Filion, Eds). Presses de l’Université Laval, Québec, Qc. Pp.137-163.

Clément, S., J. Fillon, J. Bousquet & J. Beaulieu. 2010. TreeSNPs: a laboratory information management system (LIMS) dedicated to SNP discovery in trees. Tree Genetics & Genomes 6: 435-438.

Gérardi, S., J.P. Jaramillo-Correa, J. Beaulieu & J. Bousquet. 2010. From glacial refugia to modern populations: new assemblages of organelle genomes generated by differential cytoplasmic gene flow in transcontinental black spruce. Molecular Ecology 19: 5265-5280.

Godbout, J., J. Beaulieu & J. Bousquet. 2010. Phylogeographic structure of jack pine (Pinus banksiana; Pinaceae) supports the existence of a coastal glacial refugium in northeastern North America. American Journal of Botany 97: 1903-1912.

Larchevêque, M., G.R. Larocque, A. Desrochers, F. Tremblay, S. Gaussiran, R. Boutin, S. Brais, J. Beaulieu, G. Daoust & P. Périnet. 2010. Juvenile productivity of five hybrid poplar clones and 20 genetically improved white and Norway spruces in boreal clay-belt of Quebec, Canada. The Forestry Chronicle 86: 225-233.

Lenz, P., A. Cloutier, J. MacKay & J. Beaulieu. 2010. Genetic control of wood properties in Picea glauca – an analysis of trends with cambial age. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 40: 703-715.

Sáenz-Romero, C., G.E. Rehfeldt, N.L. Crookston, P. Duval, R. St-Amant, J. Beaulieu & B.A. Richardson. 2010. Spline models of contemporary, 2030, 2060 and 2090 climates for Mexico and their use in understanding climate-change impacts on the vegetation. Climatic Change 102: 595-623.


Carles, S., M.S. Lamhamedi, J. Beaulieu, S.D. Stowe, F. Colas & H.A. Margolis. 2009. Genetic variation in seed size and germination patterns and their effect on white spruce seedling characteristics. Silvae Genetica 58: 152-161.

Jaramillo-Correa, J.P., J. Beaulieu, D.P. Khasa & J. Bousquet. 2009. Inferring the past from the present phylogeographic structure of North American forest trees: seeing the forest for the genes. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 39: 286-307.

Liu, C., J. Beaulieu, G. Prégent & S.Y. Zhang. 2009. Applications and comparison of six methods for predicting parameters of the Weibull function in unthinned Picea glauca plantations. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 24: 67-75.

Petrinovic, J.F., N. Gélinas & J. Beaulieu. 2009. Benefits of using genetically improved white spruce in Quebec: the forest landowner’s viewpoint. The Forestry Chronicle 85: 571-582.


Bousquet, J., J. Beaulieu, A. Rainville & J. Mackay. 2008. IUFRO-CTIA 2008 International Joint Conference / Congrès conjoint international IUFRO-ACAA 2008, Québec. Scientific Program and Abstracts / Programme scientifique et résumés. Azimut, Québec. 230p.

Namroud, M.-C., J. Beaulieu, N. Juge, J. Laroche & J. Bousquet. 2008. Scanning the genome for gene single nucleotide polymorphisms involved in adaptive population differentiation in white spruce. Molecular Ecology 17:3599-3613. Voir aussi New&Views Article de Bonin, A. Molecular Ecology 17: 3583-3584.

Sotelo Montes, C., R.E. Hernández , J. Beaulieu & J.C. Weber. 2008. Genetic variation in wood color and its correlations with growth and wood density in Calycophyllum spruceanum at an early age in the Peruvian Amazon. New Forests 35: 57-73.


Naydenov, K., S. Senneville, J. Beaulieu, F. Tremblay & J. Bousquet. 2007. Glacial vivariance in Eurasia: mitochondrial DNA evidence from Scots pine for a complex heritage involving genetically distinct refugia at mid-northern latitudes and in Asia Minor. BMC Evolutionary Biology 7: 233 (12p.).

Sotelo Montes, C., J. Beaulieu & R.E. Hernández. 2007. Genetic variation in wood mechanical properties of Calycophyllum spruceanum at an early age in the Peruvian Amazon. Wood and Fiber Science 39: 578-590.

Sotelo Montes, C., J. Beaulieu & R.E. Hernández. 2007. Genetic variation in wood shrinkage and its correlations with growth and wood density in Calycophyllum spruceanum at an early age in the Peruvian Amazon. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 37: 966-976.

Sotelo Montes, C., R.E. Hernández & J. Beaulieu. 2007. Radial variation in wood density and correlations with growth of Calycophyllum spruceanum at an early age in the Peruvian Amazon. Wood and Fiber Science 39: 377-387.


Beaulieu, J. & M. Bernier-Cardou. 2006. Comparison of early height growth between white spruce seedlings and rooted cuttings. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 36: 3246-3250.

Beaulieu, J., S.Y. Zhang, Q. Yu & A. Rainville. 2006. Comparison between genetic and environmental influences on lumber bending properties in young white spruce. Wood and Fiber Science 38: 553-564.

Jaramillo-Correa, J.P., J. Beaulieu, F.T. Ledig & J. Bousquet. 2006. Decoupled mitochondrial and chloroplast DNA population structure reveals Holocene collapse and population isolation in a threatened Mexican-endemic conifer. Molecular Ecology 15: 2787-2800.

Sotelo Montes, C., R.E. Hernández, J. Beaulieu & J.C Weber. 2006. Genetic variation and correlations between growth and wood density of Calycophyllum spruceanum Benth. at an early age in the Peruvian Amazon. Silvae Genetica 55: 217-228.


Andalo, C., J. Beaulieu & J. Bousquet. 2005. The impact of climate change on growth of local white spruce populations in Quebec, Canada. Forest Ecology and Management 205: 169-182.

Beaulieu, J. & A. Rainville. 2005. Adaptation to climate change: genetic variation is both a short- and a long-term solution. The Forestry Chronicle 81: 704-709.

Godbout, J., J.P. Jaramillo-Correa, J. Beaulieu & J. Bousquet. 2005. A mitochondrial DNA minisatellite reveals the postglacial history of jack pine (Pinus banksiana), a broad range North American conifer. Molecular Ecology 14: 3497-3512.

Koubaa, A., N. Isabel, S.Y. Zhang, J. Beaulieu & J. Bousquet. 2005. Transition from juvenile to mature wood in Picea mariana. Wood and Fiber Science 37: 445-455.


Beaulieu, J., M. Perron & J. Bousquet. 2004. Multivariate pattern of adaptative genetic variation and seed source transfer in Picea mariana. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 34: 531-545.

Jaramillo-Correa, J.P., J. Beaulieu & J. Bousquet. 2004. Variation in mitochondrial DNA reveals multiple glacial refugia in black spruce (Picea mariana), a transcontinental North American conifer. Molecular Ecology 13: 2735-2747.

Zhang, S.Y., Q. Yu & J. Beaulieu. 2004. Genetic variation in veneer quality and its correlation to growth in white spruce. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 34: 1311-1318.


Beaulieu, J. 2003. Genetic variation in tracheid length and relationships with growth and wood traits in eastern white spruce (Picea glauca). Wood and Fiber Science 35: 609-616.

Beaulieu, J., B. Girard & Y. Fortin. 2003. Study of geographical variation in kiln-drying behavior of plantation-grown white spruce. Wood and Fiber Science 35: 56-67.

Cloutier, D., D. Rioux, J. Beaulieu & D. Schoen. 2003. Somatic stability of microsatellite loci in eastern white pine, Pinus strobus L. Heredity 90: 247-252.

Jaramillo-Correa, J.P., J. Bousquet, J. Beaulieu, N. Isabel, M. Perron & M. Bouillé. 2003. Cross-species amplification of mitochondrial DNA sequence-tagged-site markers in conifers: the nature of polymorphism and variation within and among species in Picea. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 106: 1353-1367.

Yu, Q., D.-Q. Yang, S.Y. Zhang, J. Beaulieu & I. Duchesne. 2003. Genetic variation in decay resistance and its correlation to wood density and growth in white spruce. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 33: 2177-2183.


Beaulieu, J., B. Girard & Y. Fortin. 2002. Effect of drying treatments on warping of 36-year-old white spruce seed sources tested in a provenance trial. Annals of Forest Science 59: 503-509.

Fournier, D., D.J. Perry, J. Beaulieu, J. Bousquet & N. Isabel. 2002. Optimizing expressed sequence tag polymorphisms by single-strand conformation polymorphism in spruces. Forest Genetics 9: 11-18.


Beaulieu, J., A. Rainville, G. Daoust & J. Bousquet. 2001. La diversité génétique des espèces arborescentes de la forêt boréale. Naturaliste Canadien 125: 193-202.

Hernandez, R.E., C. Bustos, Y. Fortin & J. Beaulieu. 2001. Wood machining properties of white spruce from plantation forests. Forest Products Journal 51: 82-88.

Jaramillo-Correa, J.P., J. Beaulieu & J. Bousquet. 2001. Contrasting evolutionary forces driving population structure at expressed sequence tag polymorphisms, allozymes and quantitative traits in white spruce. Molecular Ecology 10: 2729-2740.

Senneville, S., J. Beaulieu, G. Daoust, M. Deslauriers & J. Bousquet. 2001. Evidence for low genetic diversity and metapopulation structure in Canada yew (Taxus canadensis): considerations for conservation. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 31: 110-116.


Koubaa, A., S.Y. Zhang, N. Isabel, J. Beaulieu & J. Bousquet. 2000. Phenotypic correlations between juvenile-mature wood density and growth in black spruce. Wood Fiber Science 32: 61-71.

Morin, R., J. Beaulieu, M. Deslauriers, G. Daoust & J. Bousquet. 2000. Low genetic diversity at allozyme loci in Juglans cinerea. Canadian Journal of Botany 78: 1238-1243.


Et-touil, K., L. Bernier, J. Beaulieu, J.A. Bérubé, A. Hopkins & R.C. Hamelin. 1999. Genetic structure of Cronartium ribicola populations in eastern Canada. Phytopathology 89: 915-919.

Isabel, N., J. Beaulieu, P. Thériault & J. Bousquet. 1999. Direct evidence for biased gene estimates from dominant random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) fingerprints. Molecular Ecology 8: 477-483.

Messier, C., S. Parent, M. Chengaou & J. Beaulieu. 1999. Juvenile growth and crown morphological plasticity of eastern white pines (Pinus strobus L.) planted along a natural light gradient: Results after 6 years. The Forestry Chronicle 75: 275-279.


Beaulieu, J., M. Deslauriers & G. Daoust. 1998. Flower induction treatments have no effects on seed traits and transmission of alleles in Picea glauca. Tree Physiology 18: 817-821.


Li, P., J. Beaulieu & J. Bousquet. 1997. Genetic structure and patterns of genetic variation among populations in eastern white spruce (Picea glauca). Canadian Journal of Forest Research 27: 189-198.

Li, P., J. Beaulieu, G. Daoust & A. Plourde. 1997. Patterns of adaptive genetic variation in eastern white pine (Pinus strobus) from Quebec. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 27: 199-206.


Beaulieu, J., A. Plourde, G. Daoust & L. Lamontagne. 1996. Genetic variation in juvenile growth in an eastern white pine provenance-progeny test established in Quebec. Forest Genetics 3: 81-90.


Beaulieu, J. & J.-P. Simon. 1995. Mating system in natural populations of eastern white pine in Quebec. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 25: 1697-1703.

Beaulieu, J. & J.-P. Simon. 1995. Variation in cone morphology and seed characters in Pinus strobus L. in Quebec. Canadian Journal of Botany 73: 262-271.

Daoust, G., A. Plourde & J. Beaulieu. 1995. Influence of crown size and maturation on flower production and sex expression in Picea glauca treated with gibberellin A4/7. Tree Physiology 15: 471-475.

Hamelin, R.C., J. Beaulieu & A. Plourde. 1995. Genetic diversity in populations of Cronartium ribicola in plantations and natural stands of Pinus strobus. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 91: 1214-1221.

Isabel, N., J. Beaulieu & J. Bousquet. 1995. Complete congruence between gene diversity estimates derived from genotypic data at enzyme and RAPD loci in black spruce. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of USA 92: 6369-6373.


Beaulieu, J. & J.-P. Simon. 1994. Genetic structure and variability in Pinus strobus L. in Quebec. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 24: 1726-1733.

Beaulieu, J. & J.-P. Simon. 1994. Inheritance and linkage relationships of allozymes in Pinus strobus L. Silvae Genetica 43: 253-261.

Blouin, D., J. Beaulieu, G. Daoust & J. Poliquin. 1994. Wood quality of Norway spruce grown in plantations in Quebec. Wood and Fiber Science 26: 342-353.


Beaulieu, J., J.-P. Simon & R. Laguë. 1993. Computer program for calculating within-population variance of hetero­zygosity. Journal of Heredity 84: 86.

Desponts, M., A. Plourde, J. Beaulieu & G. Daoust. 1993. Impact de la sélection sur la variabi­lité génétique de l’épi­nette blanche au Québec. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 23: 1196-1202.

Li, P., J. Beaulieu, A. Corriveau & J. Bousquet. 1993. Genetic variation in juvenile growth and phenology in a white spruce provenance-progeny test. Silvae Genetica 42: 52-60.


Corriveau, A., J. Beaulieu & G. Daoust. 1991. Heritability and genetic correlations of wood characters of Upper Ottawa Valley white spruce popu­lations grown in Quebec. The Forestry Chronicle 67: 698-705.


Corriveau, A., J. Beaulieu, F. Mothe, J. Poliquin & J. Doucet. 1990. Densité et largeur de cernes des populations d’Épi­nettes blanches de la région forestière des Gra­nds Lacs et du Saint-Lau­rent. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 20: 121-129.


Beaulieu, J., A. Corriveau & G. Daoust. 1989. Productivité et stabilité phénotypique de l’épinette rouge au Québec. The Forestry Chronicle 65: 42-48.


Corriveau, A., J. Beaulieu & G. Daoust. 1987. Wood density of natural white spruce populations in Québec. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 17: 675‑­682.